October 2016 Skeptical Crossword Puzzle

Theme: Making an Argument (Logical Fallacies # 5)

by Ken Greatorex

74 grid

(Click on the grid to enlarge and print off)

ACROSS:
1. Relating to childbirth [9]
10. Language designed to have a persuasive or impressive effect, but which is often regarded as lacking in sincerity or meaningful content [8]
11. One who holds beliefs outside those of mainstream religions [5]
12. Phase of the moon greater than half but less than full [7]
14. Auk (seabird) of northern and Arctic waters [6]
16. & 17 across: Logical Fallacy when the conclusion does not follow from the premises.
Example: Vitamins are essential to maintain health; therefore, the more vitamins you take, the healthier you’ll be. [3, 8]
17. See 16 across
18. Carry or drag with effort [3]
19. Proceed [2]
21. Before the usual or expected time [5]
22. Comparison between one thing (known) and another (under scrutiny) in an attempt to draw parallels [8]
25. Ballet costume [4]
27. Jelly-like substance, such as might be formed by 22 down [3]
28. Formal address to an audience [6]
29. & 31 across: Logical Fallacy where an adversary’s actual position or argument is misrepresented.
Example: Person A: “Genetically modified crops need to be more closely regulated
Person B: “If we stop farmers from growing GM crops, we will starve
B has argued against eliminating genetically engineered crops, not regulating them. [5, 3]
31. See 29 across
33. War god [4]
38. Ink stain [4]
39. Logical Fallacy in which misdirection occurs.
Example: “Why should we save the environment? The Garden of Eden might have been a nice place to live, but it wouldn’t suit modern people”. [3, 7]
40. See 39 across
44. Logical Fallacy a.k.a. Circular reasoning, when the conclusion and the premise are the same.
Example: The Bible is infallible because it is the Word of God. The Bible tells us so. [9]
46. Situated off to one side of a ship or plane at right angles to the direction of travel [5]
47. Viscous lubricant [3]
48. Travel over snow [3]
49. Not at home [4]
51. Drunkard [3]
52. Of the Sun [5]
53. Give reasons or cite evidence in support of one’s own point of view [5]
55. An alternative name for Troy [5]
56. Ratite birds [4]
57. (Yiddish) Gossipy woman [5]
58. Logical Fallacy: A counter argument, based on feelings or prejudice, rather than facts, reason or logic.
Example: “This is a female issue. As a man, how can you have an opinion about this?”
[2, 7]
59. See 58 across

DOWN:
2. & 26 down & 42 down: Logical Fallacy: the statement under examination is assumed to be true without supporting evidence.
Example: “Freedom of speech is a good thing because we know how important it is that every man is at liberty to express what’s on his mind.” [5, 3]
3. Rotating [7]
4. Chef’s plan of attack [6]
5. Element number 24’s symbol [2]
6. & 32 down & 43 down: Logical Fallacy which seeks to demonstrate that a statement is true by showing that an untenable result follows from its denial; or that a statement is false by showing that an untenable result follows from its acceptance.
Example: “The Earth cannot be flat, otherwise we’d fall off the edge” [8, 2, 8]
7. Rice cooked in seasoned broth [5]
8. & 24 down & 41 down: Logical Fallacy a.k.a “Raising the Bar” – evidence presented in response to a specific claim is dismissed and some other (often greater) evidence is demanded
Example: Creationists point out that no fossil evidence exists for a posited evolutionary link between species A and C. When a fossil intermediate B is found, demands are made for intermediates between both A and B, and B and C. [6, 3. 9]
9. & 25 down & 37 down: Logical Fallacy: an authority is cited on a topic outside their area of expertise or when the authority cited is not a true expert
Examples: Advertising of cigarette brands purportedly smoked by doctors; diet tips from celebrities. [6, 2, 9]
13. Savagely violent [6]
14. Displays predatory behaviour [5]
15. & 36 down: Logical Fallacy (a.k.a. Fallacy of the excluded middle, Black and white thinking, Either/or fallacy) – claiming that there are only two possible extreme positions when there are other intermediate options.
Example: “Australia — Love It Or Leave It” [5, 9]
20. Leave out [4]
22. Substance from seaweed used in biological culture media and as a food thickener [4]
23. Less ancient [5]
24. See 8 down
25. See 9 down
26. See 2 down
29. Deductive scheme of argument consisting of a major and a minor premise and a conclusion [9]
30. In accordance with reason or logic [8]
32. See 6 down
34. Make, fasten, join or repair using stitches [3]
35. Initial proposition from which others logically follow [7]
36. See 15 down
37. See 9 down
41. See 8 down
42. See 2 down
43. See 6 down
45. Time period [4]
50. Diminished [5]
54. More formal version of “on” [4]

SOLUTION

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