Liza With a Zee?

OR

By Ken Greatorex

This  article was first posted a couple of years ago. As we keep getting inquiries about the spelling of our name, we’ve dusted it off and brought it to the top of the blog.

– – – – – – – –

Vic Skeptics received this via email a few months ago.

Hello, I’m interested in your organisation but wonder why you choose to use the U.S spelling of sceptic? Surely, this is not the norm in Australia and for pedants such as myself is quite off-putting.
John

The following is based on the considered replies that the question prompted.

John’s question contains the assumption that the words “skeptic” and “sceptic” are interchangeable, and the adoption of one over the other is merely a matter of geography. I prefer to argue that the English language has once again thrown up a pair of synonyms which have taken on subtle but useful nuances.

The name “Australian Skeptics” and the title of our national magazine The Skeptic were adopted in 1980 and may well have been a direct imitation of the existing Skeptic magazine published in the US  by the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP). However, the “k” spelling was also adopted by UK Skeptics.

early skeptics mags

To his great credit, John followed up with some research on his own behalf and discovered “that the earliest spelling in England was in fact skeptick;  it is not until the middle of the seventeenth century that the spelling sceptick is found; by the nineteenth it had become firmly sceptic. Dr Johnson’s dictionary (1755) used the sk spelling …… It looks rather as though the USA continued the original spelling, as they did with a number of words.”

en_greekphilosophersThe word derives from the Greek Skepticos – inquiring.  One who habitually questions matters generally accepted. A certain group of ancient Greek philosophers were called the Skeptikoi. As a put-down, their contemporaries said of them: “They opine everything and assert nothing”

So I contend that being a Skeptic (capital s small k) is a statement of one’s philosophy.  A Skeptic generally avoids reaching conclusions until the best evidence has been considered. Being sceptical  (small s, small c) means tending to disbelieve some specific proposition or other. Even the most gullible person can be sceptical about something; that Feng Shui really put that pot plant in the best spot, for example, or that their favourite phone psychic got the reading right last time.

One may, for argument’s sake be sceptical about the Moon Landings. Any Skeptic I’ve ever spoken to is satisfied that our species has visited the Moon’s surface several times – not as an article of faith, but because the evidence overwhelmingly supports that view. More topical is the problematic  phrase “Climate Change Sceptic“.  Most (but not all) of my Skeptic friends, having examined the available evidence, incline towards anthropogenic global warming.

Skeptic or sceptical? Both. As a pedant, I find the difference useful, because it allows me to use the correct word for the correct purpose.

Ken Greatorex

4 Responses to Liza With a Zee?

  1. Tim Harding says:

    I agree with Ken’s view here, and that modern meanings of ‘skeptic’ and ‘sceptic’ are subtly different. I would also add that ‘sceptic’ is the Romanised spelling of the Greek ‘skeptic’; and unlike the ancient Greeks, the Romans did very little for skepticism. In fact, the Romans were very superstitious. So that is yet another ground for using the ‘skeptic’ spelling.

  2. MrBill3 says:

    Farah Farouque states in a 1998 newspaper article in The Age,

    The offical reason, he says, is that the word comes from the Greek skeptikos, which means ‘to question’. “But actually it was a typographical error in the first issue,” he says.

    citing Stephen Colebrook then secretary of the Melbourne Chapter of Australian Skeptics. http://newsstore.theage.com.au/apps/viewDocument.ac?docID=news980702_0422_5287

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: